Law is a set of norms that govern our society. Its goal is to ensure equality in law and the rule of law for all people. To achieve this, people should respect the norms and accept legal determinations of their rights. Moreover, law should be equal for everyone, so that no one is above the law and everyone has access to protection.
Law covers a broad range of areas, including international law, contracts, personal rights, and business. Immigration law, for instance, focuses on the rights of foreigners in a country. Nationality law, on the other hand, addresses the rights of stateless individuals. In addition, social security law governs social security. Consumer protection law is concerned with rights of consumers and protects them against unfair business practices. And, finally, financial regulation regulates businesses and the rules of investment.
The courts also play an important role in maintaining the rule of law. Courts hear the grievances of minority groups and opinions in an effort to establish equality before the law. The court’s role in a case is to find a legal solution. In some cases, the issue may not be obvious. For example, a family member’s unexpected illness may lead to legal questions.
Rule of Law is a political ideal with both procedural and substantive aspects. It is often distinguished from rule by law in that it is supposed to elevate law above political power and above powerful people and agencies. Rule by law, on the other hand, refers to the instrumental use of law in political power. It is also associated with authoritarian regimes.