An automobile is a self-propelled, four-wheeled vehicle with an internal combustion engine that typically burns gasoline. It is one of the most universal and successful modern technologies, with more than 73 million vehicles produced worldwide in 2017.
Automobiles are designed to provide passengers and cargo with mobility. They are also used in manufacturing and industrial processes for both products and services.
They are manufactured by a wide variety of companies throughout the world. They are a critical part of everyday life, giving humans the ability to work, live, travel, and enjoy leisure activities.
The early history of the automobile is dominated by the development of a revolutionary method of mass production, pioneered by Henry Ford in 1908. In addition to revolutionizing manufacturing methods and cutting costs for the automotive industry, the Model T introduced the concept of the assembly line.
During the twentieth century, automobiles evolved to serve as a major means of passenger transportation and began transforming societies in ways that were not always pleasant or easy. The new technology brought jobs, housing, and retail shopping to urban areas.
It also opened a large number of industries and created a need for infrastructure to support them. It led to the creation of highways and the growth of related industries such as motor transport, gas stations, and oil exploration.
Despite the automobile’s many benefits, however, it can also cause problems such as air pollution and exhaust emissions. It can also disrupt traffic flows and lead to accidents.